The flu otherwise called influenza is perhaps one of the most common illnesses known to all. The real reason why it is so difficult for scientists to come up with a cure for the flu is because of the different strains that exist. This prevents the body from building up immunity against it especially if it has many different strains. Common signs and symptoms of the flu includes: fever, cough, running nose, sore throat, body aches/pain.
Let us look at ways in which we can prevent or minimize our risk of having the flu:
Vaccines are used to make the body produce antibody that acts as a form of defense against certain diseases. Taking the flu vaccine is a very effective way to lower our risk of having the flu. Some people may develop side effects after taking the vaccine while others don’t .Since the flu vaccine is said to only protect us up to a year, year vaccinations are therefore encouraged.
- Maintaining healthy immune system
Eating fresh fruits and vegetables especially those rich in Vitamin C is highly recommended to maintain optimum immunity. Vitamin C supplements are also encouraged if your normal diet is lacking in such.
- Avoiding close contact with those infected
Though this might not be possible in all cases but reducing direct contact with those having the flu has been said to decrease the risk of contracting it. Since the flu is said to be caused by droplets, if others are not in close contact with us and our spaces then that minimizes its spread relatively to some extent.
- Hand washing
Even though the flu is mainly spread via droplets, people who have the flu sometimes cough, squeeze and wipe their running nose with their hands which contribute to the spread of the virus to others. Therefore, hand washing is highly recommended when sharing public areas that infected people might have used. Hand sanitizers can be used in the absence of soap and water to wash hands. There are other diseases with flu – like symptoms such as meningitis, so monitor your symptoms carefully and seek further medical treatment if flu symptoms worsen with any unusual changes.